Horses have been present in Thailand’s long history according to archaeological findings. These World Heritage Horses have ancient DNA that are closely related to the horses in Mongolia. Their sturdy conformation and tolerance to the local climate have made them suitable to perform local tasks such as cart-pulling and for riding in the hilly areas.
A scoping exercise was carried out in 2003 to assess the condition these animals and it found many health and welfare problems within the equine population. This led to the formation of Lampang Pony Welfare Foundation in 2004 to improve the lives of these ponies and horses.